Sunday, May 13, 2007

PERSONAL PRONOUNS

PELAJARAN 3

LESSON 3



PERSONAL PRONOUNS

Halo!

Senang berjumpa dengan kamu lagi!

Nice to meet you again!


If you see smile icon ( J ), it means that you have to say or pronounce the phrase.


I hope you’ve mastered the materials that were given yesterday. Now let’s try to go through it once again, here we go:


When you visit Indonesia, and you stay in hotel, you’ll meet the hotel receptionist. You should of course greet them and say goodbye.

  • You arrive in Indonesia at 08.00 am, you meet someone. What do you say?
  • …………………………..
  • You introduce yourself to him / her. How do you start it ?
  • ……………………………
  • For keeping good relationship, it’s better if you ask how he / she is. How do you ask to him / her ?
  • ……………………………
  • You’ll leave him / her. How do you say goodbye to him / her ?
  • ……………………………

I’m sure that you’re able to answer some questions above.


We’re going to have such a short revision every lesson. While learning foreign languages it’s very important to make sure you remember all we’ve already learned.

Thanks to revisions you remember things better. And this is what we want, right?


Are you ready to learn the new things in Bahasa Indonesia?.

Ready!


Now let’s move on to our lesson. Today you’re going to learn about personal pronouns, demonstrative pronouns, and asking how much the price of a thing is.


First of all, we learn about personal pronouns. You already know all of them. They refer to people :

Person singular :

Ø I

Ø You

Ø She

Ø He

Ø It

Person plural :

Ø We

Ø You

Ø They


Lets star with the singular ones. We learned some of them on previous lessons.


( Listen the pronunciations carefully, practice them by yourself, and try to speak them! )

(if you find (….’….) Open and read The Intoduction for learn how to spell characters in Indonesian)


These are:

1st person singular : I

“saya” means “I”


Saya (sa’ya)

I


Beside “saya” there is another word that has same meaning as “saya”, it’s “aku”

“aku” is used by children or among close relations.


Aku (a’ku)

I


2st person singular : You

“Kamu” means “You”


Kamu (ka’mu)

You


When you meet someone at the formal event, preferably used to foreigner, you’re better using “Anda”

“Anda” means “You”


Anda (an’da)

You


Beside “kamu” and “anda” Indonesians use other words for the 2nd person singular. This usually used for call or mention.

Example:

“Ayah” means “Father”

“Ayah” : Used for call the father.


Ayah (a’yah)

Father


“Ibu” means “Mother”

“Ibu” : used for call our mother. But “Ibu” also we can used for call our teacher (women) or a superior.


Ibu (I’bu)

Mother


“Bapak” have some meaning with “Father” and this also used for call our teacher (man).

“Bapak” have some meaning with “Mister”


Bapak (ba’pak)

Mister


“Paman” means “Uncle”


Paman (pa’man)

Uncle


“Bibi” means “Aunt”


Bibi (bi’bi)

Aunt


“Kakak” for call our elder brother or sister


Kakak (ka’kak)

Elder Brother


“Adik” for call our younger brother and sister.


Adik (a’dik)

Younger Brother


not only your state, in Indonesia also people a more regular mention the call directly mention or call its name.

The person’s name :


Angga

Shinta

Rama


These are all the singular pronouns. But there are also plural ones:

3st Person singular : he, she, it

In Indonesia “he, she, it” have some meaning, means “Dia”

“Dia” it refers to male and female persons.


Dia (di’a)

She, he, and it


1st Person plural : we

“Kami” means “We”

“Kami” : when the person addressed is excluded


Kami (ka’mi)

We


“Kita” means “We”

“Kita” : when the person addressed is included


Kita (ki’ta)

We


2st person plural : you

“Kalian” means “You”

“Kalian” is used to children, pupils and very close relations.


Kalian (ka’li’an)

You


In other cases we use:


Tuan-tuan (tu’an-tu’an)

Gentlemen


Nyonya-nyonya (nyo’nya-nyo’nya)

Ladies


Saudara-saudara (sau’da’ra-sau’da’ra)

Sisters and brother


3st Person plural : they

“Mereka” means “They”


Mereka (me’re’ka)

They


That way Iesson about personal pronouns.


Remember, always practice


Tried with somebody. Friend or your family.


Okey! It’s the end of lesson 3


Selamat belajar dan Sampai bertemu di pelajaran berikutnya.

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